4.3 Reading - Summer

Summer is the warmest of the four temperate seasons, between spring and autumn. At the summer solstice, the days are longest and the nights are shortest, with day-length decreasing as the season progresses after the solstice. The date of the beginning of summer varies according to climate, culture, and tradition, but when it is summer in the Northern Hemisphere it is winter in the Southern Hemisphere, and vice versa.

People take advantage of the warmer temperatures by spending more time outdoors during the summer. Activities such as traveling to the beach (a tradition from the days before air conditioning) and picnics occur during summer months. Sports such as cricketvolleyballskateboardingbaseballsoftballCanadian footballtennis and water polo are played. Water sports also occur. These include water skiingwake boardingswimmingsurfing, and tubing. The modernOlympics have been held during the summer months every four years since 1896 (though the 2000 Sydney olympics happened when it was technically winter there).

With all school-age children and college students on summer vacation during the summer months, especially in the United States, travel and vacationing traditionally peaks during the summer, with the volume of travel in a typical summer weekend rivaled only by Thanksgiving. Teenagers and college students often take summer jobs in industries that cater to recreation.

Elio Mondello,
Dec 22, 2010, 8:02 AM